Professional Bodies

British Association of Prosthetics and Orthotics. www.bapo.com


Australian Orthotic Prosthetic Association. www.aopa.org.au

Educational Institutions

Strathclyde University: National Centre for P&O.



Salford University: Prosthetics and Orthotics.



Latrobe University: School of Prosthetics and Orthotics.


Journal References

Patzkowski JC, Blanck RV, Owens JG, Wilken JM, Kirk KL, Wenke JC, Hsu JR. Comparative effect of orthosis design on functional performance.



Kaat Desloovere, Guy Molenaers, Leen Van Gestel, Catherine Huenaerts, Anja Van Campenhout, Barbara Callewaert, Patricia Van de Walle, J. Seyler How can push-off be preserved during use of an ankle foot orthosis in children with hemiplegia? A prospective controlled study



Hachisuka K, Makino K, Wada F: Oxygen consumption, Oxygen cost and physiological cost index in polio survivors: A comparison of walking without orthosis, with an ordinary or a carbon-fibre reinforced plastic knee-ankle-foot orthosis. J Rehabil Med 2007:39: 646-650



Brehm MA, Beelen A, Doorenbosch CA, Harlaar J, Nollet F. Effect of carbon-composite knee-ankle-foot orthoses on walking efficiency and gait in former polio patients. J Rehabil Med. 2007;39(8):651–657.



Bartonek A, Eriksson M, Gutierrez-Farewik EM. Effects of carbon fibre spring orthoses on gait in ambulatory children with motor disorders and plantarflexor weakness. Develop Med & Child Neurology 2007, 49: 615-620



Desloovere K, Molenaers G, How can push-off be preserved during use of an ankle foot orthosis in children with hemiplegia? A prospective controlled study. Gait and Posture 2006 Oct;24(2):142-51. Epub 2006 Aug 24.



Wolf SI, Alimusai M, Rettig O, Doderlein L. Dynamic assist by carbon fiber spring AFOs for patients with myelomeningocele. Gait and Posture; 2008 Jul;28(1):175-7. Epub 2008 Feb 5.



Farbu E, Gilhus NE, Barnes MP, et al. EFNS guideline on diagnosis and management of post-polio syndrome. Report of an EFNS task force. Eur J Neurol. 2006;13(8):795–801.


Heim M, Yaacobi E, Azaria M. A pilot study to determine the efficiency of lightweight carbon fibre orthoses in the management of patients suffering from post-poliomyelitis syndrome. Clin Rehabil. 1997;11(4):302–305.


Hachisuka K, Makino K, Wada F, Saeki S, Yoshimoto N, Arai M. Clinical application of carbon fibre reinforced plastic leg orthosis for polio survivors and its advantages and disadvantages. Prosthet Orthot Int.2006;30(2):129–135.


Perry J, Clark D. Biomechanical abnormalities of post-polio patients and the implications for orthotic management. Neurorehabilitation.1997;8(2):119–138.